Classification of Yoga Postures
Yoga Postures has always been an important discussion in yogic culture. Some yoga schools classify yoga postures as STANDING, SITTING, LYING ON BACK & LYING ON STOMACH. While some classify as: FORWAD BENDING, BACKWARD BENDING, TWISTING, INVERSIONS, EXTENSIONS & BALANCING. Here, i would like to explain traditional classifications of yoga postures as below:
- Cultural Postures
- Postures for Relaxation
- Meditative Postures.
In this category comes all the postures that help to stretch the body from various directions. The purpose of cultural postures is to release tension from each and every part of our body. Hence, cultural postures helps exercise muscles and joints, stimulate our internal organs and regulates our internal organs. Cultural postures can be very therapeutic. All forward bend, backward bend, twisting, balancing, inversion, and extensions are Cultural postures. Therefore Pachimottasana , Bhunjasana , dhanurasana , vrikshasana , Ardhya-matysendrasana and Shirshasana are few cultural postures.
POSTURES FOR RELAXATION:
The purpose of these postures is to provide rest to the body. Traditionally there are only 2 postures for relaxation: 1. SHAVASANA (The Corpse Pose) & 2. MAKARASANA (Crocodile Posture). Shavasana provides complete rest to the body at the end of a yoga class. Therefore, the feeling after a good shavasana is always very refreshing. Furthermore, In yogic tradition, there is great importance of SHAVASANA. Hence, the practice of YOGA NIDRA (physic sleep) is done in SHAVASANA.
The purpose of CULTURAL POSTURES and POSTURES FOR RELAXATION is to prepare the body for meditative posture. In conclusion, meditative postures provide good stability and comfort to the body. Most noteworthy, meditative postures allow one to sit longer without any physical discomfort. In addition, we must not forget that physical stability and comfort, both are complementary to each other. Stability in the meditative postures brings great comfort and vice versa. Meditative postures helps to keep the back straight by maintaining the natural bends of spine. One can choose a comfortable meditative posture for meditation, which allows proper blood flow towards lower half body. So, there are total of 4 MEDITATIVE POSTURES as per tradition are. Hence, there are totally 4 meditative postures as: SUKHASANA, PADMASANA, SIDDHASANA & SWASTIKASANA